1. Cooper, B., Adriaenssens, B., Killen, S.S. In Press. Individual variation in the compromise between social group membership and exposure to preferred temperatures. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. PDF
  2. McLean, S., Persson, A., Norin, T., Killen, S.S. 2018. Metabolic costs of feeding predicatively alter the spatial distribution of individuals in fish schools. Current Biology. 28: 1144-1149 PDF
  3. Fu, S.J., Peng, J., Killen, S.S. In Press. Digestive and locomotor capacity show opposing responses to changing food availability in an ambush predatory fish. Journal of Experimental Biology. PDF
  4. Norin, T., Mills, S.C., Crespel, A., Cortese, D., Killen, S.S., Beldade, R. 2018. Heat-induced anemone bleaching increases the metabolic rate of symbiont anemonefish. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 285: 20180282. PDF
  5. Parsons, K.J., Son, Y.H., Crespel, A., Thambithurai, D., Killen, S.S., Harris, M., Albertson, C. 2018. Conserved but flexible covariance structure in the zebrafish skull: Implications for craniofacial evolvability. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 285: 20172671. PDF
  6. Thambithurai, D., Hollins, J.,  Van Leeuwen, T., Rácz, A., Lindström, J. Parsons, K., Killen, S.S. In Press. Shoal size as a key determinant for vulnerability to capture under a simulated fishery scenario. Ecology and Evolution. PDF
  7. Halsey, L.G., Killen, S.S., Clark, T.D., Norin, T. 2018. Exploring key issues of aerobic scope interpretation in ectotherms: absolute vs. factorial. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. PDF
  8. Guzzo, M.M, Van Leeuwen, T.E., Hollins, J, Koeck, B., Newton, M., Webber, D.M., Smith, F.I., Bailey, D.M., Killen, S.S. 2018. Field testing a novel high residence positioning system for monitoring the fine-scale movements of aquatic organisms. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. PDF
  9. Hollins, J., Thambithurai, D., Koeck, B., Crespel, A., Bailey, D.M., Cooke, S.J., Lindström, J., Parsons, K.J., Killen, S.S. 2018. A physiological perspective on fisheries-induced evolution. Evolutionary Applications. PDF
  10. Nati, J.J.H, Lindström, J., Yeomans, W., Killen, S.S. 2018. Physiological and behavioural responses to hypoxia in an invasive freshwater fish species and a native competitor. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. PDF
  11. Halsey, L.G., Wright, S., Rácz, A. Metcalfe, J.D., Killen, S. S. 2018. How does school size affect tail-beat frequency in turbulent water? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A. 218: 63-69. PDF
  12. Jutfelt, F., Norin, T., Ern, R. Overgaard, J., Wang, T., McKenzie, D.J., Lefevre, S., Nilsson, G.E., Metcalfe, N.B., Hickey, A.J.R., Brijs, J., Speers-Roesch, B., Roche, D.G., Gamperl, A.K., Raby, G.D., Morgan, R. Esbaugh, A.J., Gräns, A., Axelsson, M., Ekström, A., Sandblom, E., Binning, S.A., Hicks, J.W., Seebacher, F., Jørgensen, C., Killen, S.S., Schulte, P.M., Clark, T.D. 2018. Oxygen- and capacity-limited thermal tolerance: blurring ecology and physiology. Journal of Experimental Biology. 221: jeb169615 doi: 10.1242/jeb.169615 PDF
  13. Killen, S.S., Esbaugh, A.J., Martins, N.D., Rantin, F.T., McKenzie, D.J. 2018. Aggression supersedes individual oxygen demand to drive group air-breathing in a social catfish. Journal of Animal Ecology. 87: 223-234. PDF
  14. Killen, S.S., Calsbeek, R.G, Williams, T. 2017. The ecology of exercise: mechanisms underlying individual variation in behavior, activity, and performance. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 57: 185-194. PDF
  15. Zeng, L.Q., Zhang, A.G., Killen, S.S., Cao, Z.D., Wang, Y.X., Fu, S.J. 2017. Standard metabolic rate predicts growth trajectory of juvenile crucian carp (Carassius auratus) under changing food availability. Biology Open. 6: 1305-1309 PDF
  16. McKenzie, D.J, Blasco, F.R., Belao, TC, Martins, N.D., Killen, S.S., Taylor, E.W., Rantin, F.T. 2017. Physiological determinants of individual variation in sensitivity to an organophosphate pesticide in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquatic Toxicology. 189: 108-114. PDF
  17. Killen, S.S., Marras, S., Nadler, L.E., Domenici, P. 2017. The role of physiological traits in assortment among and within fish shoals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 372: 20160236. PDF
  18. Auer, S., Killen, S.S., Rezende, E. 2017. Resting versus active: a meta-analysis of the intra- and inter-specific associations between minimum, sustained, and maximum metabolic rates in vertebrates. Functional Ecology. 31: 1728–1738. PDF
  19. Killen, S.S., Norin, T., Halsey, L.G. 2017. Do method and species lifestyle affect measures of maximum metabolic rate in fish? Journal of Fish Biology. 90: 1037–1046 DOI: 10.1111/jfb.1319 PDF
  20. Costantini, D., Smith, S., Killen, S.S., Nielsen, J., Steffensen, S.F. 2017. The Greenland shark: a new challenge for the oxidative stress theory of ageing? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A. 203: 227-232 PDF
  21. Van Leeuwen, T.E., Killen, S.S., Metcalfe, N.B., Adams, C. E. 2016. Differences in early developmental rate and yolk conversion efficiency in offspring of trout with alternative life histories. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. DOI: 10.1111/eff.12281 PDF
  22. Nadler, L.E., Killen, S.S., McCormick, M.I., Watson, S.-A., Munday, P.L. 2016. Effect of elevated carbon dioxide on shoal familiarity and metabolism in a coral reef fish. Conservation Physiology. 10.1093/conphys/cow052 PDF
  23. Nati, J.J.H, Lindström, J., Halsey, L.G., Killen, S.S. 2016. Is there a trade-off between peak performance and performance breadth across temperatures for aerobic scope in teleost fishes? Biology Letters. 12: 20160191. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0191 PDF
  24. McKenzie, D.J., M. Axelsson, D. Chabot, G. Claireaux, S.J. Cooke, R.A. Corner, G. De Boeck, P. Domenici, P.M. Guerreiro, B. Hamer, C. Jørgensen, S.S. Killen, S. Lefevre, S. Marras, B. Michaelidis, G.E. Nilsson, M.A. Peck, A. Perez-Ruzafa, A.D. Rijnsdorp, H.A. Shiels, J.F. Steffensen, J.C. Svendsen, M.B.S. Svendsen, L.R. Teal, J. van der Meer, T. Wang, J.M. Wilson, R.W. Wilson and J.D. Metcalfe.  2016. Conservation physiology of marine fishes: State of the art and prospects for policy.  Conservation Physiology. 4 (1): cow046. doi: 10.1093/conphys/cow046  PDF
  25. Nadler, L.E., Killen, S.S., McClure, E.C., Munday, P.L., McCormick, M.I. 2016. Shoaling reduces metabolic rate in a gregarious coral reef fish species. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219: 2802-2805 doi: 10.1242/jeb.139493 PDF
  26. Treberg, J.R., Killen, S.S., MacCormack, T.J., Lamarre, S., Enders, E.C. 2016. Estimates of metabolic rate and major constituents of metabolic demand in fishes under field conditions: Methods, proxies, and new perspectives. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A. 202: 10-22. PDF
  27. Polverino, G., Bierbach, D., Killen, S.S., Uusi-Heikkilä, S., Arlinghaus, R. 2016. Body length rather than routine metabolic rate and body condition correlates with risk-taking behaviour in juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of Fish Biology. 89:2251-2267 PDF
  28. Palacios, M., Killen, S.S., Nadler, L., White, J.R., McCormick, M.I. 2016. Top-predators negate the effect of mesopredators on prey physiology. Journal of Animal Ecology. 85: 1078–1086 DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12523 PDF
  29. Killen, S.S., Glazier, D.G., Rezende, E.L., Clark, T.D., Atkinson, D., Willener, A., Halsey, L.G. 2016. Ecological influences and morphological correlates of resting and maximal metabolic rates across teleost fish species. American Naturalist. 187:592-606 DOI: 10.1086/685893 PDF
  30. Ward, T., Algera, D., Gallagher, A., Hawkins, E., Horodysky, A. Jorgensen, C., Killen, S.S., McKenzie, D.J. Metcalfe, J., Peck, M., Vu, M., Cooke, S.J. 2016. Understanding the individual to implement the ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Conservation Physiology. DOI: 10.1093/conphys/cow005 PDF
  31. Killen, S.S., Fu, C., Wu, Q., Wang, Y.-W., and Fu, S-J. 2016. The relationship between metabolic rate and sociability is altered by food-deprivation. Functional Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12634 PDF
  32. Killen, S.S., Adriaenssens, B., Marras, S., Claireaux, G., Cooke, S.J. 2016. Context-dependency of trait repeatability and its relevance for management and conservation of fish populations. Conservation Physiology. 4: cow007 DOI: 10.1093/conphys/cow007 PDF
  33. Metcalfe, N.B., Van Leeuwen, T.E., Killen, S.S. 2016. Does individual variation in the metabolic phenotype predict behaviour and performance in fish? Journal of Fish Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12699. Invited Article. IF = 1.73 PDF
  34. McKenzie, D.J., De Campos Belao, T., Killen, S.S., Rantin, T. 2015. To boldly gulp: standard metabolic rate and boldness have context-
    dependent influences on risk-taking to breathe air in a catfish. Journal of Experimental Biology. 218, 3762-3770 PDF
  35. Killen, S.S., Croft, D.P., Salin, K., Darden, S.K. 2015. Male sexually coercive behaviour drives increased swimming efficiency in female guppies. Functional Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12527 IF = 4.86 PDF
  36. Killen, S.S., Nati, J., Suski, C.D. 2015. Vulnerability of individual fish to capture by trawling is influenced by capacity for anaerobic metabolism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. IF = 5.68 PDF
  37. Stanley, R.R.E., Bradbury, I.R., DiBacco, C.D., Snelgrove, P.V.R., Thorrold, S., Killen, S.S. 2015. Environmentally mediated trends in otolith composition of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv070 IF = 2.53 PDF
  38. Uusi-Heikkilä, S., Whiteley, A.R., Kuparinen, A., Matsumura, S., Venturelli, P.A., Wolter, C., Slate, J., Primmer, C.R., Meinelt, C., Killen, S.S., Bierbach, D., Polverino, G., Ludwig, A., Arlinghaus, R. 2015. The evolutionary legacy of size-selective harvest extends from genes to populations. Evolutionary Applications. 8:597-620. IF = 4.57 PDF
  39. Killen, S.S., Reid, D., Marras, S., Domenici, P. 2015. The interplay between aerobic metabolism and antipredator performance: preparedness to escape is related to recovery rate after exercise. Frontiers in Physiology. 6: 111. doi:10.3389/fphys.2015.00111. IF = NA, new journal. PDF
  40. Marras, S.*, Killen, S.S.*, Lindstrom, J., McKenzie, D.J, Steffensen, J.F., Domenici, P. 2015. Fish swimming in schools save energy regardless of their spatial position. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 69:219–226. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-014-1834-4. *these authors contributed equally. IF = 3.05 PDF 
  41. Careau, V.C., Killen, S.S., Metcalfe, N.B. 2015. Adding fuel to the “fire of life”: energy budgets across levels of variation in ectotherms and endotherms. In: Martin, L. B., Woods, H. A., and Ghalambor, C. (eds). Integrative Organismal Biology. Wiley Scientific. PDF
  42. Cooke, S.C., Killen, S.S., Metcalfe, J.D., McKenzie, D.J., Mouillot, D., Jørgensen, C., Peck, M.A. 2014. Conservation physiology across scales: insights from the marine realm. Conservation Physiology. DOI: 10.1093/conphys/cou024. IF = NA, new journal. PDF
  43. Killen, S.S. 2014. Growth trajectory influences temperature preference in fish through an effect on metabolic rate. Journal of Animal Ecology. 83: 1513–1522. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12244. IF = 4.84 PDF 
  44. Killen, S.S., Mitchell, M.D., Rummer, J.L., Chivers, D.P., Ferrari, M.C.O., Meekan, M., McCormick, M.I. 2014. Aerobic scope predicts dominance during early life in a tropical damselfish. Functional Ecology. 28: 1367–1376. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12296. IF = 4.86 PDF
  45. Killen S.S., Marras, S., McKenzie, D.J. 2014. Fast growers sprint slower: effects of food deprivation and re-feeding on sprint swimming performance in individual juvenile European sea bass. Journal of Experimental Biology. 217: 859-865. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.097899. IF = 3.24 PDF
  46. Killen S.S., Marras, S., Metcalfe, N.B., McKenzie, D.J., Domenici, P. 2013. Environmental stressors alter relationships between physiology and behaviour. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 28:651-658. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2013.05.005. IF = 15.39 PDF
  47. Marras S., Killen S.S., Domenici, D., Claireaux, G., McKenzie, D.J. 2013. Relationships among traits of aerobic and anaerobic swimming performance in individual European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. PLoS ONE 8(9): e72815. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072815. IF = 3.73 PDF
  48. Ryan, M.R., Killen, S.S., Snelgrove, P.V., Gregory, R.S. 2012. Predators and distance between habitat patches modify gap crossing behaviour of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua, L. 1758). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 422-23: 81-87. IF = 2.48 PDF
  49. Killen, S.S., Marras, S., Steffensen, J.F., McKenzie, D.J. 2012. Aerobic capacity influences the spatial position of individuals within fish schools. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 279: 357-364. Featured as a Research Highlight in Nature. IF = 5.68 PDF
  50. Killen, S.S., Marras, S., Ryan, M.R., Domenici, P, McKenzie, D.J. 2012. A relationship between metabolic rate and risk-taking behaviour is revealed during hypoxia in juvenile European sea bass. Functional Ecology. 26: 134-143. IF = 4.86 PDF
  51. Burton, T., Killen, S.S., Armstrong, J.D., Metcalfe, N.B. 2011. What causes intra-specific variation in resting metabolic rate and what are its ecological consequences? Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 278: 3465-3473. Rated “Recommended” by Faculty of 1000. IF = 5.68 PDF
  52. Killen, S.S., Marras, S., McKenzie, D.J. 2011. Fuel, fasting, fear: routine metabolic rate and food deprivation exert synergistic effects on risk-taking in individual juvenile European sea bass. Journal of Animal Ecology. 80: 1024–1033. One of 20 most cited papers in Journal of Animal Ecology in 2011. IF = 4.84 PDF
  53. Marras, S., Killen, S.S., Claireaux, G., Domenici, P., McKenzie, D.J. 2011. Behavioural and kinematic components of the fast-start escape response in fish: individual variation and temporal repeatability. Journal of Experimental Biology. 214: 3102-3110. IF = 3.24 PDF
  54. Killen, S.S. 2011. Energetics of Foraging Decisions and Prey Handling. In: Farrell A.P (ed.) Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment, volume 3, pp. 1158-1595. San Diego: Academic Press. Invited Chapter. PDF
  55. Killen, S.S., Atkinson, D., Glazier, D.S. 2010. The scaling of metabolic rate with body mass in fishes depends on lifestyle and temperature. Ecology Letters. 13: 184-193. Rated “Must Read” by Faculty of 1000. IF = 17.95 PDF
  56. Avery, T.S., Killen, S.S., Hollinger, T. R. 2009. The relationship of embryonic development, mortality, hatching success, and larval quality to normal or abnormal early embryonic cleavage in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Aquaculture. 289: 265-273. IF = 1.83 PDF
  57. Killen, S.S., Brown, J.A., Gamperl, A.K. 2008. Lack of metabolic thermal compensation during the early life stages of ocean pout Zoarces americanus: A benthic, cold-water marine species. Journal of Fish Biology. 72: 763-772. IF = 1.73 PDF
  58. Killen, S.S., Gamperl, A.K., Brown, J.A. 2007. Ontogeny of predator-sensitive foraging and routine metabolism in larval shorthorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus scorpius. Marine Biology. 152: 1249-1261. IF = 2.47 PDF
  59. Killen, S.S., Brown, J.A., Gamperl, A.K. 2007. The effect of prey density on foraging mode selection in juvenile lumpfish: balancing food-intake with the metabolic cost of foraging. Journal of Animal Ecology. 76: 814-825. IF = 4.84 PDF
  60. Suski, C.D., Kieffer, J.D., Killen, S.S., Tufts, B.L. 2007. Sub-lethal ammonia toxicity in largemouth bass. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 146: 381-389. IF = 2.37 PDF
  61. Killen, S.S., Costa, I., Brown, J.A., Gamperl, A.K. 2007. Little left in the tank: metabolic scaling in marine teleosts and its implications for aerobic scope. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.  274: 431-438. IF = 5.68 PDF
  62. Killen, S.S., Brown, J.A. 2006. Energetic cost of reduced foraging under predation threat in newly hatched ocean pout. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 321: 255-266. IF = 2.55 PDF
  63. Killen, S.S., Suski, C.D., Cooke, S.J., Philipp, D.P., Tufts, B.L. 2006. Factors contributing to the physiological disturbance in walleyes during simulated live-release angling tournaments. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 135: 557-569. IF = 1.55 PDF
  64. Suski, C.D., Killen, S.S., Kieffer, J.D., Tufts, B.L. 2006. The influence of environmental temperature and oxygen concentration on the recovery of largemouth bass from exercise: implications for live-release angling tournaments. Journal of Fish Biology. 68: 120-136. IF = 1.83 PDF
  65. Suski, C.D., Cooke, S.J., Killen, S.S., Wahl, D.H., Philipp, D.P. Tufts, B.L. 2005. Behaviour of walleye, Sander vitreus, and largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, exposed to different wave intensities and boat operating conditions during livewell confinement.  Fisheries Management and Ecology. 12: 19-26. IF = 1.14 PDF
  66. Suski, C.D., Killen, S.S., Cooke, S.J., Kieffer, J.D., Philipp, D.P., Tufts, B.L. 2004. Physiological significance of the weigh-in during live-release angling tournaments for largemouth bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 133: 1291-1303. IF = 1.55 PDF
  67. Killen, S.S., Suski, C.D., Morrissey, M.B., Dyment, P., Furimsky, M., Tufts, B.L. 2003. Physiological responses of walleyes to live-release angling tournaments. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 23:1237-1245. IF = 1.18 PDF
  68. Suski, C.D., Killen, S.S., Morrissey, M.B., Lund, S.G., Tufts, B.L. 2003. Physiological changes in largemouth bass caused by live-release angling tournaments in southeastern Ontario. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 23:760-769. IF = 1.18 PDF